“Congwarra” is located in the Tidbinbilla Valley, ACT, south of Canberra and runs a self-replacing Merino flock and Angus cows. Pastures are native with subclover and are fertilised every three years.
Annual rainfall: 850mm
Soil type: Coase sandy loam
(refer to soil section for further detail)
Pasture type: Native perennials with sub clover
(refer to pasture section for further detail)
Steeply undulating hills with slope grades typically 10-20%, localised areas of boulder outcrop; drained by upper order drainage lines with narrow alluvial flats.
Peppermint (E. radiata), Candlebark (E. rubida) and Brittle Gum (E. mannifera); presently cleared of timber.
Acidic uniform coarse sandy soil with a pale brown, massively structured upper and lower layer, grading into highly weathered bedrock.
Aust. soil classification
Acidic orthic Tenosol
Native based pasture (mainly microlaena and wallaby grass) with sub clover and annual grasses. The paddock is fertilised every 3rd year with single superphosphate at a rate of 125kg/ha.
The paddock is set stocked or rotational grazed depending on the time of year.
1 Cook et al. (2016) Soil Landscapes of the Australian Capital Territory, Office of Environment and Heritage, NSW.